BY440 Stem Cell Biology

Question:

Complete the following table

Biological Macromolecule

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Ratio Elements

Function

Monomer

Some examples

Functional Group(s).

Carbohydrate

CHO

Structure (cell walls, exoskeletons)

Lipids

CHO

1:2:very few

CHON

There are no ratios

CHONP

No ratio

Answer:

Biological Macromolecule

Ratio Elements

Function

Monomer

Some examples

Functional Group(s).

Carbohydrate

(Marshall, et al.

CHO

– Short term energy storage is for metabolism

Structure (cell walls, exoskeletons)

-Fat Oxidation

Lipids

CHO

1:2:very few

– Save large amounts of energy

– Structure (phospholipids make up the major component of cell membrane).

-Source for vitamins A, D, and E.

-Protecting organs with heating

-Act as a chemical messager

Glycerol & fatty acids

-Triglyceride is glycerol + three fatty acids

CHON

There are no ratios

(Amino, carboxyl and other groups present.

The presence of a protein bond () can help identify it.

– Long term energy storage

– Provisional structure support

-Responding To Stimuli

-Storage and transport of molecules

-Body regulation – Formation antibodies to strengthen the immune system

-Creation hormone and Enzymatic activity by catalytic reactions

-Synthesis of DNA and repair

-Signal Transduction

(Leucine, Alanine, isleucine, valine and other)

–COOH (with long hydrocarbon chains- R-more 16 C long)

CHONP

No ratio

(Nucleotides can be made from a five-carbon sugar and a nitrogenous base, as well as a phosphate group.

-Storage for genetic material

-Transmission of genetic information or hereditary information between generations

-Protein Synthesis with the Help of Ribosomes and DNA

DNA

1 Sugar

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